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How To Make Fog Juice For Fog Machine




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As a stage performer, I’ve always been fascinated by the effects of fog machines. The way that they create an eerie and mysterious atmosphere on stage can be truly captivating. However, I’ve always been curious about how to create the fog juice that powers these machines.

After much experimentation, I’ve discovered a simple and effective recipe that can be easily recreated at home. Creating fog juice requires a few specialized tools and ingredients, but once you have everything you need, the process is surprisingly straightforward.

In this article, I’ll guide you through the steps to make your own fog juice for your fog machine. From gathering the necessary equipment to filtering the mixture, I’ll provide detailed instructions to ensure that your fog juice is of the highest quality and ready to create an unforgettable atmosphere for your next performance or event.

So, let’s get started!

Key Takeaways

  • Fog juice requires specialized tools and ingredients, including accurate measuring tools, a mixing container, and propylene glycol.
  • Safety precautions should be taken when handling propylene glycol, as it can be harmful if ingested or comes into contact with skin or eyes.
  • Distilled water is necessary to prevent impurities from affecting fog quality and produces a finer mist that stays suspended in the air longer.
  • Proper storage and testing of fog juice density and longevity are important for consistent and reliable fog output.

Gather the Necessary Equipment

So, to make fog juice for my fog machine, I need to gather some necessary equipment.

First, I’ll need my fog machine, of course. Then, I’ll need a mixing container, a funnel, a measuring cup, and a stirring spoon. With these tools in hand, I’m ready to start making my own fog juice.

Fog Machine

To get the party started, all you need is a fog machine! There are two main types of fog machines: water-based and oil-based.

Water-based fog machines are the most common and are generally considered safer because they use a water and glycol mixture to create fog. Oil-based fog machines use mineral oil and produce a thicker, longer-lasting fog but can be dangerous if not used properly.

Using a fog machine safely is important to prevent accidents. Always read the manufacturer’s instructions before operating the fog machine. Make sure to place the machine in a well-ventilated area and keep it away from any heat sources or flammable materials. Lastly, never leave the fog machine unattended while in use.

Moving on to the next subtopic, the mixing container is just as important as the fog machine itself.

Mixing Container

The perfect party needs the right tools, and a high-quality mixing container is essential for crafting delicious drinks that will leave your guests feeling refreshed and satisfied. When it comes to making fog juice for your fog machine, choosing the right mixing container can make all the difference. There are a few container options to consider, including plastic jugs, glass jars, and stainless steel mixing bowls. Each has its own benefits and drawbacks, so it’s important to choose the one that best fits your needs.

To mix your fog juice, you can use a variety of mixing techniques such as shaking, stirring, or using a blender. Depending on the size and shape of your chosen container, some mixing techniques may work better than others. For example, if you are using a narrow-necked glass jar, shaking may not be as effective as stirring with a long-handled spoon. Experiment with different techniques to find the one that works best for you and your chosen container. Now that you have your mixing container ready, it’s time to move on to the next step – using a funnel to transfer the ingredients into the container.

Container Options Benefits Drawbacks
Plastic Jugs Lightweight and easy to handle May not be as durable as other options
Glass Jars Allow for easy visibility of contents Can break easily if dropped
Stainless Steel Mixing Bowls Durable and easy to clean Can be heavy and more expensive

Choosing the right mixing container and technique can help ensure that your fog juice is perfectly mixed and ready to use in your fog machine. Now, let’s move on to the next step and learn how to use a funnel to transfer the ingredients into your chosen container.


Well, looks like it’s time to shove those ingredients into the container with the help of a trusty funnel.

However, if you don’t have a funnel on hand, don’t worry! A funnel alternative can easily be created by cutting off the top of a plastic bottle and using the remaining portion as a makeshift funnel.

When using a funnel, it’s important to keep a few tips in mind. First, make sure the funnel is clean and free of any residue from previous use. This will ensure that your fog juice doesn’t become contaminated.

Additionally, pour the ingredients slowly and steadily into the funnel to avoid any spills or overflow. With these tips in mind, you’ll be able to easily transfer your ingredients into the mixing container and move on to the next step of using a measuring cup.

Measuring Cup

Now it’s time to grab a measuring cup and accurately portion out the ingredients for the perfect fog solution. Measuring accuracy is crucial for achieving the desired effect of the fog machine. It is important to use a measuring cup that is specifically for liquids and has clear markings for precise measurements.

Here is a table that outlines the recommended measurements for making fog juice:

Ingredient Amount
Distilled water 1 quart
Glycerin 1 cup
Propylene glycol 1 cup
Dipropylene glycol 1 cup

Importance of precision cannot be emphasized enough, as even a slight deviation in measurements can affect the quality of the fog produced. It is also recommended to use a scale to accurately measure the ingredients, especially for larger batches. With the ingredients properly measured, it’s time to move on to the next step: stirring the mixture with a spoon to ensure all ingredients are well combined.

Stirring Spoon

Grabbing a stirring spoon is the next step in creating the perfect fog solution, ensuring that all the ingredients are well combined. When making fog juice, it’s important to use a wooden stirring spoon instead of a metal one. This is because metal spoons can react with certain ingredients, altering the chemical composition and affecting the fog output. Wooden spoons, on the other hand, are inert and don’t react with the ingredients, making them a safer and more reliable option.

Efficient stirring is also crucial in creating a consistent and high-quality fog solution. To ensure even distribution of ingredients, it’s recommended to stir in a circular motion, scraping the bottom and sides of the container. Additionally, it’s important to stir continuously for several minutes until all the ingredients are fully dissolved and combined.

With the use of a wooden stirring spoon and efficient stirring techniques, you can create the perfect fog solution for your fog machine.

With the ingredients well combined, the next step is to add distilled water to the mixture.

Distilled Water

For a high-quality fog solution, you’ll want to use distilled water in your mixture.
Distilled water has been purified through a process that removes impurities such as minerals, bacteria, and chemicals.
These impurities can affect the consistency and performance of your final product, leading to clogs in your fog machine or inconsistent fog output.

By using distilled water, you can ensure that your fog juice is of the highest quality.
The lack of impurities means that the fog will be smoother and more consistent, and your fog machine will be less likely to experience clogs or other issues.
Additionally, distilled water is free of any odor or taste, which means that it won’t affect the scent or flavor of your fog juice.

Overall, using distilled water is a simple step that can greatly improve the quality of your fog juice.
Moving on to the next step, we’ll discuss the benefits of adding vegetable glycerin to your mixture.

Vegetable Glycerin

Using distilled water is great, but to take your fog game to the next level, try adding some vegetable glycerin to your mixture for an even smoother and thicker fog effect. Here are some benefits of vegetable glycerin that’ll make you want to add it to your fog juice:

  • It’s a natural and non-toxic ingredient, making it safe to use around people and animals.
  • It helps moisturize the air, which can be beneficial for those with dry skin or respiratory issues.
  • It creates a denser fog that lasts longer, giving you more bang for your buck.
  • It’s easy to find and relatively inexpensive.
  • It can also be used in skincare products as a gentle moisturizer, making it a versatile ingredient to have on hand.

To use vegetable glycerin in your fog juice, simply add a small amount (about 1-2 tablespoons per liter of water) to your distilled water and propylene glycol mixture. Be sure to mix well before adding it to your fog machine. With this simple addition, you can take your fog effects to the next level and enjoy all the benefits that vegetable glycerin has to offer. And speaking of propylene glycol…

Propylene Glycol

You absolutely need to add propylene glycol if you want to take your fog effects to the next level and impress your audience with a thick, long-lasting fog that will leave them in awe.

Propylene glycol is a synthetic chemical that’s used in a wide range of industries, including food, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. It’s also commonly used in fog machine fluid because it has the ability to produce a dense fog that lingers in the air.

However, it’s important to handle propylene glycol with care and take proper safety precautions. This chemical can be harmful if ingested or if it comes into contact with your skin or eyes. When handling propylene glycol, wear protective gloves, goggles, and clothing.

Additionally, make sure to store it in a cool, dry place away from children and pets. With these safety measures in place, you can safely add propylene glycol to your fog juice and enjoy an impressive fog effect at your next event.

As you move on to choose the right ingredients for your fog juice, keep in mind the importance of quality and safety.

Choose the Right Ingredients

So, to make the perfect fog juice for my fog machine, I need to choose the right ingredients.

Three key ingredients that I’ve found to be essential are distilled water, vegetable glycerin, and propylene glycol.

Distilled water is necessary to prevent impurities from affecting the fog quality, while vegetable glycerin is a natural and safe alternative to the harmful chemicals used in some commercial fog juices.

Propylene glycol, on the other hand, is a common ingredient in many commercial fog juices and helps to produce a thick and long-lasting fog.

Distilled Water

First, make sure to grab some fresh distilled water to ensure optimal fog production in your machine. Distilled water is purified through the process of distillation, which involves boiling water, collecting the steam, and condensing it back into a liquid form. This process removes impurities and minerals found in regular tap water that can clog your fog machine and affect the quality of the fog produced.

Using distilled water in your fog juice can also prolong the life of your machine by preventing mineral buildup and reducing the need for frequent cleaning. Additionally, distilled water produces a finer mist that can stay suspended in the air longer, creating a more dramatic and effective fog effect.

By using distilled water as a base for your fog juice, you can ensure a consistent and reliable output from your fog machine. With that said, let’s move on to the next ingredient: vegetable glycerin.

Vegetable Glycerin

To add a smooth texture to your fog mixture, all you need is a small amount of vegetable glycerin. This natural compound is derived from vegetable oils and can be used in a variety of applications. When used in fog juice, it helps to prevent irritation to your respiratory system and can even provide some health benefits.

Here are some benefits of vegetable glycerin that you may not have known before:

  • It’s a natural humectant, meaning it helps to retain moisture in your skin and hair.
  • It can be used in DIY beauty products like lotions, soaps, and hair conditioners.
  • It has a slightly sweet taste and can be used to sweeten food or beverages.
  • It’s non-toxic and safe for consumption.
  • It can improve the texture and consistency of many liquid products.

Now that you know the benefits of vegetable glycerin, let’s move on to the next step in making your own fog juice – propylene glycol.

Propylene Glycol

If you want to create a smooth and long-lasting fog for your next event, you’ll need propylene glycol. This key ingredient helps to produce a dense and consistent mist that will enhance the atmosphere of your party or event.

Propylene glycol is used in many fog juice recipes because it’s a colorless, odorless, and non-toxic liquid that’s easily mixed with other ingredients. However, it’s important to note that propylene glycol should be used with caution.

Although it’s generally recognized as safe for use in food and cosmetics, prolonged exposure to the liquid can cause skin irritation or respiratory problems. Therefore, it’s crucial to wear protective gear such as gloves and a mask when handling propylene glycol.

With proper safety precautions, propylene glycol is an essential ingredient in producing high-quality fog juice for your fog machine. To measure the ingredients for your fog juice, it’s important to have accurate measurements of propylene glycol and other ingredients.

Measure the Ingredients

Now that you have all the necessary ingredients, you’ll need to measure them out precisely to ensure the perfect mixture for your fog machine. It’s crucial to pay close attention to the measurements as the accuracy of your fog juice will determine the quality of the fog produced. The Importance of precision cannot be overstated, as even the slightest variation in the measurements can result in poor fog production or damage to your fog machine.

To measure the ingredients, you’ll need a measuring cup and a scale to ensure accurate measurements. The table below shows the precise measurements for each ingredient and the corresponding amount of fog juice it will produce. It’s also essential to adjust for humidity, as humidity levels can impact the density of the fog produced. For example, if the humidity level is high, you’ll need to add more glycerin to your mixture to produce thicker fog.

With all the ingredients measured out and adjusted for humidity, it’s time to mix them together. By following the precise measurements and adjustments, you’ll be able to create the perfect mixture for your fog machine.

Mix the Ingredients Together

Once you’ve got all the precise measurements, simply pour the ingredients together and watch as the mixture transforms into a magical, misty concoction before your eyes. To mix the ingredients effectively, you can use a large container or mixing bowl. It’s important to stir the mixture thoroughly for at least a minute to ensure all ingredients are well combined. You can use a whisk or a large spoon to achieve this.

Mixing techniques also depend on the type of fog machine you have and the desired thickness of the fog. If you want a thicker fog, you may need to mix the ingredients for a longer period or add more glycerin.

If you want to add color additives, you can do so at this stage. Food coloring or dye can be added to the mixture, but you should add it slowly and stir continuously to avoid any clumps. Be aware that not all color additives are suitable for use in fog machines, so make sure to read the label before adding any to your mixture.

Once you’ve mixed all the ingredients together, you’re ready to move on to the next step: filtering the mixture.

Filter the Mixture

To get the smoothest and most consistent fog, it’s important to strain the mixture through a fine mesh sieve, just like sifting flour for a cake. There are different common filtration methods that can be used to remove any impurities or particles from the fog juice mixture. The most common filtration method is using a mesh sieve with a fine mesh size of around 100 to 200 microns. This will help to remove any undissolved solids, such as small particles of glycol or salt, that can clog the fog machine’s heating element and damage the pump.

Another filtration method is using a coffee filter or cheesecloth to strain the mixture. These methods will remove larger particles but may not be as effective as using a fine mesh sieve. It’s important to note that filtering the fog juice is an essential step in making fog juice. Not only does it help to remove impurities, but it also ensures that the fog machine will work properly and produce consistent fog. Now that the mixture has been filtered, it’s time to store the fog juice properly.

Store the Fog Juice

When you’re finished straining the mixture to create a smooth fog effect, it’s important to store the fog juice properly to maintain its effectiveness. Find a cool and dry place, away from direct sunlight, and ensure that the container is tightly sealed to prevent any air from entering. This is essential for the long term storage of fog juice as it can extend the life of the mixture for future use.

It’s also a good idea to label the container with the date and type of fog juice to avoid confusion in the future. With proper storage, the fog juice can last for a long time, but it’s still important to periodically test the mixture to ensure that it’s still producing the desired effect.

In the next section, we’ll discuss how to test the fog juice to make sure it’s working correctly.

Test the Fog Juice

Before you start using the fog machine for your next event, you’ll want to test the fog juice to ensure that it’s producing the desired effect. There are different ways to test the fog juice, but the most common methods involve checking the density and longevity of the fog. To check the density, you can use a small amount of fog juice and run the machine for a few seconds. If the fog is too thin or too thick, you may need to adjust the concentration of the fog juice or the settings of the machine. To check the longevity, you can observe how long the fog lingers in the air. If it dissipates too quickly or lasts too long, you may need to adjust the ventilation or the temperature of the venue.

Here’s a table that summarizes the testing methods and safety precautions for fog juice:

Testing Methods Safety Precautions
Check density by running machine for a few seconds Wear goggles and gloves when handling fog juice
Check longevity by observing the duration of fog in the air Ventilate the venue properly to avoid inhalation of fog juice
Adjust concentration or machine settings if necessary Store fog juice in a cool, dry place away from open flames and heat sources

Once you’ve tested the fog juice and made any necessary adjustments, you can proceed to use the fog machine. However, if you encounter any issues with the fog production, refer to the next section about troubleshooting.


If you face any faults with the fog machine, don’t fret, follow these tips to fix it.

One of the most common issues with fog machines is clogging. If you notice that the fog output is weak or non-existent, it might be due to the clogging of the heating element or the nozzle. In such a case, you should clean the machine thoroughly with a cleaning solution. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions while cleaning, and don’t use any abrasive materials that might damage the machine.

Another issue that you might encounter is overheating. If the machine overheats, it might shut down automatically to prevent any damage. To avoid this issue, make sure that the machine has enough ventilation and is not placed near any heat sources. If the machine still overheats, you can try lowering the output settings or reducing the amount of fog juice used.

These are some of the common issues and troubleshooting techniques that you can use to maintain and fix your fog machine.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can any type of water be used to make fog juice?

Any water with low mineral content can be used for making fog juice, as impurities can clog the fog machine. High mineral content can also lead to less dense fog. Distilled or demineralized water is recommended for best results.

How long does the fog juice last once it’s been made?

Like all liquids, homemade fog juice has a shelf life. Storage methods can vary, but it’s important to keep potential hazards in mind when discussing longevity and safety. Properly stored, fog juice can last up to 2 years.

Is it safe to inhale the fog produced by the fog machine?

Inhaling the fog produced by a fog machine can pose health risks. Precautionary measures include using the machine in a well-ventilated area, avoiding prolonged exposure, and checking the ingredients in the fog juice.

Can food coloring be added to the fog juice for colored fog?

Yes, food coloring can be added to fog juice for colored fog. However, it is important to consider coloring options carefully as some dyes may not work well with the machine and pose safety concerns.

Is it possible to make fog juice without using glycerin?

There are alternatives to glycerin for making fog juice, such as propylene glycol or triethylene glycol. However, glycerin provides benefits such as longer lasting fog and a thicker consistency. It is possible to make fog juice without glycerin, but the quality may not be as good.


In conclusion, making fog juice for your fog machine is a simple and cost-effective way to enhance your events and performances. With the right equipment, ingredients, and knowledge, you can create a fog juice that meets your specific needs and preferences. However, it’s important to keep in mind that the quality of your fog juice can affect the overall performance of your fog machine.

One interesting statistic to consider is that the Global Fog Machine Market is projected to reach $1.5 billion by 2025, with a compound annual growth rate of 2.3%. This highlights the increasing demand for fog machines and related products in various industries, including entertainment, hospitality, and retail.

By learning how to make your own fog juice, you can not only save money but also ensure that you have a reliable and high-quality source of fog for your events and performances.

Overall, making fog juice may seem daunting at first, but with practice and experimentation, you can achieve the perfect fog effect for your needs. By following the steps outlined in this guide and keeping in mind the importance of quality and safety, you can create a memorable and atmospheric experience for your audience.

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